Ayeyarwady: Myanmar's life-giving Ayeyarwady or Irrawaddy River can be navigated from its mouth all the way north to Bhamo and, in the wet season, as far as Myitkyina - some 1,500 km. Though river cruising is not very comfortable, it offeres a unique insight into the Myanmar landscape, both human and natural.
NATURAL (& UNNATURAL) FEATURES
Yangon: the Maha Pasan Guha is an extraordinary artificial cave erected for the Sixth Buddhist Synod.
CENTRAL MYANMAR: the Botanical Gardens at Pyin Oo Lwin (Maymyo) were established by the British and feature some interesting flora.
The Eastern and Northern Hils: Inle Lake is firmly on the tourist trail because of its beauty, serenity and rich human mosaic. There are also the lake's unique leg-rowing fishermen at which to marvel.
HISTORICAL AND RELIGIOUS SITES AND ANCIENT CITIES
Yangon: Shwedagon Pagoda, Myanmar's most important stupa, attracting tens of thousands of pilgrims each year. Other important pagodas in Yangon include the Sule Pagoda and the Botataung Pagoda. The strand hotel has become a tourist site of sorts and in fact the whole city is interesting for its colonial architecture which unlike capital cities in neighboring countries has not yet been torn down to be replaced by generic and charactreless modern buildings.
LOWER MYANMAR: Bago is on the map because of its huge reclining Buddha, the Shwethalyaung Buddha. There is also a cluster of interesting pagodas nearby to make the trip to Bago even more worthwhile. The Shwesandaw Pagoda at Pyay is one of Myanmar's holiest sites, set impressively on a hil above town.
Mandalay: this city is virtually every visitor's itinerary. Its focal point is the palace and moat. There is a cluster of fascinating pagodas to the north of town at the foot of Mandalay Hill and the Mahamuni Image in the south of the city is Mandalay's holiest shrine.
Bagan: this is undoubtedly the finest historical site in Myanmar, and one of the most spectacular in Southeast Asia. Situated on the banks of Ayeyarwady River, thousands of 12th and 13th century pagodas lie scattered across the plain as far as the eye can see.
THE EASTERN AND NORTHERN HILLS: Hsipaw, though it has no sights as such, is well worth a visit for its serene atmosphere.
THE WEST COAST: Mrauk U, the last royal capital of Rakhine (Arakan), is an important archaelogical site, centred on a palace and surrounded by pagodas.
THE SOUTH: the Golden Rock Pagoda or Kyaikhtiyo Pagoda at Kyaikhtiyo is one of the most photographed sights in Myanmar, perched spectacularly on an outcrop of rock.
BEACH RESORTS: the best of the beach is certainly Ngapali, although Chaungtha and Ngwesaung are becoming popular due to closer location from the capital, Yangon.
|Distance and times between main city in Myanmar|
|YGN-MDY (old road)||432||696||16:00||02:00||18:00|
|YGN-TAUNGOO (old road)||175||282||04:00||00:30||04:30|
|Malawmine - Dawei||10:30||1:30||12.00|
Myanmar cuisine can be delicious: mohingha, the traditional breakfast, ohn no khaukswe and lapet rate with some of Asia's best dishes. If you are interested in sampling Myanmar cuisine, ask your hotel for local specialities or, even better, try some of the street restaurants.
CELLPHONE RENTAL AT YANGON AIRPORT
At the Yangon International Airport, cell phone rental is available at a reduced price starting from August 2011. The deposit for a cell phone has been lowered from $100 to $50 per a sim card. A regular GSM handset with a sim card will cost $2 a day. For smart phone and sim card, it will be $4 a day.
Any GSM phone handset with 900 MHz can be used in Burma. CDMA handset is not recommended to bring into Burma.
BEST TIME TO VISIT IN MYANMAR
The best time to visit Myanmar is during the dry and comparatively cool months between November and the end of February. Because the 'best time to visit' (from a climativ point of view) is comparatively tight, this is also the period when hotel room rates are highest and when flights get booked up. So there are advantages of travelling out of the main tourist season. Although the months of March and April remain dry (meaning that road transport is still relatively easy), they can be extremely hot. As the wet season gets under way in May, so unsurfaced roads begin to suffer and overland transport becomes more difficult in some areas.
|Shwedagon Pagoda||8,000 Kyat (US$ 8)|
|Botataung Pagoda||US$ 3|
|Sule Pagoda||US$ 3|
|National Museum||5,000 Kyat (US$ 5)|
|Defence Museum||3,000 Kyat US$ 3|
|Gem Museum||5,000 Kyat (US$ 5)||Kyauktan Pagoda (Thanlyin)||US$ 1||Kyaikkhauk Pagoda (Thanlyin)||US$ 1|
|Kyaik Khauk Pagoda (Thanlyin)||US$ 1|
|Mousoleum of the Martyrs||US$ 3|
|Zoological Garden||1500 Kyats|
|Crocodile Farm||US$ 2|
|National Races Village||US$ 3|
|Hlawka Park||US$ 5|
|Htaukkyant War Cemetery||Free|
|Bago Zone Fee including the Palace, Shwemawdaw, Shwethalyaung, Kyiaikpun.||10000 Kyats|
|Kyaikhtiyo||6,000 Kyat (US$ 6)|
|Video Camera||US$ 2|
|Bagan Zone Fee||US$ 20|
|Archaeological Museum||5,000 Kyat (US$ 5)|
|Nanmyint Tower||US$ 5|
|Mandalay Zone Fee including Ava & Amarapura||10,000 Kyat (US$ 10)|
|Sagaing & Mingun||3,000 Kyat (US$ 3)|
|Gem Market||US$ 1|
|Kandawgyi National Park (Pyin Oo Lwin)||2,000 Kyat (US$ 2)|
|Phowintaung (Monywa)||US$ 5|
|Thanbuddhay (Monywa)||US$ 3|
|Pindaya Cave||US$ 5|
|Inle Lake Zone Fee||US$ 10|
|Shan Cultural Museum (Taunggyi)||US$ 2|
|Sittwe Zone Fee||US$ 3|
|Mrauk U Zone Fee||US$ 5|
|Archaeological Museum (Mrauk U)||Free|
|Phokyar Elephant Camp (Taungoo)||US$ 35|
|Natmataung National Park (Mt Victoria)||US$ 10|
|Kachin Cultural Museum (Myitkyina)||US$ 2|
|Mon Cultural Museum (Mawlamyaing)||US$ 2|
|Pakhangyi (Pakokku)||US$ 3|
|Hmawza Museum (Pyay)||US$ 4|